General Director: Eric Maskin (Harvard University)
Co-directors: Elchanan Ben-Porath,Codirector (The Hebrew University); Jose Scheinkman (Columbia University)
Finance is the lifeblood of a modern economy. Without it, investment would grind to a halt, firms would miss payrolls, and consumers could not buy homes. In this summer school, we will explore a variety of current research issues, including speculation, long-run risk, cryptocurrency, credit cycles, and macrofinance, among others.
Jaroslav Borovicka, New York University
Darrell Duffie, Stanford Graduate School of Business
Ben Hebert, Stanford Graduate School of Business
Gur Huberman, Columbia Business School
Nobuhiro Kiyotaki, Princeton University
Peter Kondor, London School of Economics and Political Science
Ilan Kremer, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem
Yueran Ma, The University of Chicago
Yuliy Sannikov, Stanford Graduate School of Business
Jose Scheinkman, Columbia University
Vikrant Vig, London School of Economics and Political Science
[RG # 157] Big Data and Planets
May 1, 2019 – July 31, 2019
Tsevi Mazeh (Tel Aviv University)
Astronomy is in the midst of a transformation brought on by exponentially progressing technological advances in the information age. New detector capabilities and faster computation have created a new era in which the use of advanced data mining and inference methods could bring new answers to long-standing scientific questions. The proposed research group, which includes leading figures in data analysis of exo-planets will
• prepare algorithms for analysis of data from the forthcoming TESS space mission,
• apply Gaussian Processes and machine learning algorithms to model stellar variability in transit and radial-velocity studies of exo-planets, and
• study exo-planetary system architectures by developing population models and confront them with the accumulating data, using new statistical tools.
We expect the research group to provide a better understanding of the exo-planetary population via advanced statistical tools — a giant leap in one of the most exciting fields of present science.
Sept. 1, 2018 - July 1, 2019
Charles Manekin (University of Maryland),
Yehuda Halper (Bar-Ilan University)
The purpose of the research group is to investigate: the reception, followed by the naturalization, of Aristotelian logic into medieval Jewish cultures in Europe; and the repercussions of the introduction of logic into the Jewish intellectual matrix in numerous other areas of Jewish thought, beyond the field of logic itself. The proposed group will bring together scholars from various corners of medieval intellectual history: two historians of logic (specializing in the history of logic in Hebrew and Arabic); historians of medieval science, medicine, and philosophy; and scholars who study medieval religious polemic and Biblical exegesis, with an emphasis on the use of logic therein. Among the questions to be considered will be: What was the place of logic in the overall transfer of rationalist philosophical/scientific culture to European Jews in the Middle Ages (12th-15th centuries)? How did the study of logic affect intellectual activity in various areas, including traditional Jewish subjects (e.g. religious polemics; medicine; biblical exegesis; Talmud study).
By highlighting the interdisciplinary importance of medieval logic in Hebrew, we anticipate that the impact of this group will extend beyond the history of medieval philosophy, into the fields of general European medieval culture and history, Christian intellectual history, history of philosophy and logic, history of medicine, kabbalah, etc. We hope to bring to the attention of scholars of Jewish intellectual history and historians of logic just how widespread the study of logic by Jews in the Middle Ages was, and how it impacted their other intellectual endeavors.
Mar 1, 2018 - Aug 1, 2018
Jonathan Ben-Dov (University of Haifa)
Sacha Stern (University College London)
This project aims to shed light on a dark corner in history, which was surprisingly very little investigated until now: how was it that the unit of ‘day’ and its primary division into 12 ‘hours’ came to ne conceived in human culture? The division seems to have been gradually developed in ancient Egypt and then migrated also to cuneiform sources from Mesopotamia. It then circulated, not quite smoothly, into the Greek world and subsequently into western late antique and medieval culture. This account remains vague because there is no comprehensive and solid research that could clarify it more pointedly.
New concepts of the division of the day required proper technological means to express them. After tracing this historical riddle, however, a lot remains to be explored for subsequent periods in history. We ask how the science and technologies of time measurement determined the structure and division of the day unit, conceptually as well as in practice, and conversely, to what extent did conceptual and practical divisions of the day unit underpin and influence the development of time measurement technologies. Time is in many ways a human construction, which requires a set of rituals and cultural agents in order to reinforce it. We aim to study these various mechanisms.
The suggested team is a unique combination of experts for the history of time in their respective fields. Such a group has never before been assembled to study this type of question. The group consists of historians of science and technology as well as of law and of religious and cultural institutions. The historical periods and geographical spread covered by the group is exceptionally wide: from ancient Mesopotamia and Egypt, to ancient Jewish culture (Second Temple, rabbinic) and into Medieval Judaism, Greek and Roman history, Islamic culture, and the literature of medieval Ethiopia.
Sep 1, 2017 - Jul 1, 2018
Alexander Lubotzky (The Hebrew University)
Tali Kaufman (Bar-Ilan University)
September 1, 2018 - June 30, 2019
Ronit Ricci (Hebrew University of Jerusalem)
Javanese literature is among the world’s richest and most unusual literary traditions yet it is currently little known outside of Java, Indonesia. The vast majority of Javanese texts, in manuscript and print form, remain untouched by scholars.
The Javanese are the largest Muslim ethno-linguistic group in the world and the largest ethnic group in Indonesia, with their language spoken today by approximately 100 million people. Beginning in the ninth century and into the present they have produced a complex, diverse and intricate literary corpus that is a gateway to understanding Javanese writing practices, approaches to language, poetics, and translation strategies. Through its narrative histories, theological and legal treatises and interlinear translations from Arabic to Javanese, this literature also offers insights on Java’s remarkable transition to Islam, half a world away - geographically, culturally and linguistically - from Islam’s birthplace in the Middle East.
The study of Javanese in western universities has declined dramatically and it is currently on the verge of disappearance. The research group aims to revitalize this important humanistic field by:
creating a rare opportunity for scholars to read, study and discuss Javanese texts collaboratively
examining and analyzing yet unstudied Javanese works, thus broadening the basis of Javanese texts on which to generalize and theorize
exploring anew previously studied texts, employing innovative methodological and theoretical perspectives from Comparative Literature, Islamic Studies, Cultural Studies and Performance Studies, and
in light of the above, reconceptualizing and remapping major dimensions of the field of Javanese literature including periodization, contextualization, literary categorizations, and interpretive methods.
Mindful of the newness of Indonesian and Javanese Studies within Israeli academia, group members also aim to contribute (individually and collectively) to the expansion and strengthening of these fields in Israel.
Organizers: Hermona Soreq (The Hebrew University)
David Engelberg (The Hebrew University)
Mickey Kosloff (University of Haifa)
General Director: Roger Kornberg (Stanford University)
Signals are transduced from the environment and from within cells to control gene expression and cell fate. Signal transduction underlies many pathologies, including cancer, inflammation, neurological disorders and cardiovascular disease. A majority of drugs target signal transduction pathways. The 25th Advanced School in the Life Sciences will review the field and related studies. Leaders from Israel and abroad will describe the history and current status of their research.
The School honors the memory of Zvi Selinger, ten years after his passing. Selinger was a pioneer in the signal transduction field. His bold hypothesis of a GTPase cycle and brilliant experimental work inspired others, and laid a basis for subsequent research.
[RG # 152] The Subject of Antiquity: Contours and Expressions of the Self in Ancient Mediterranean Culture
Sept. 1, 2017 - July 1, 2018
Ishay Rosen-Zvi (Tel Aviv University)
Maren Niehoff (The Hebrew University)
There is a growing scholarly consensus that new notions of the self emerged in Greco-Roman Antiquity, which prompted philosophers, artists, law-makers and biographers to conceive of human beings as individuated selves, situated in specific cultural and historical contexts. We wish to examine these emerging discourses of the self, their interaction and expressions in the material and textual culture of Greeks and Romans, Jews and Christians.
While such an intellectual project seems very much a scholarly desideratum, it is also a complex challenge, since its successful achievement is contingent upon bringing together scholars from disparate disciplines. The constraints imposed by existing academic frameworks are thus often an impediment to its realization. We believe that the Institute provides the most suitable venue for a joint venture to explore the potential of combining various areas of research in order to achieve new understandings of this phenomenon.
The proposed research group consists of leading experts and one young scholar in the fields of Greek philosophy, Roman law and literature, Early Christianity, Jewish Hellenism and rabbinics. Most of us are in the process of embarking on book projects in new areas, which require intensive collaboration with colleagues in adjacent fields. Working closely together for a period of a year will enable us to shed new light on areas and genres which have regularly been studied in isolation. We hope to highlight both shared understandings across religious boundaries as well as culturally distinct types of self-fashioning.