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Marchina Charlotte

Charlotte Marchina

FELLOW
INALCO
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Charlotte Marchina is an anthropologist and Associate Professor in Mongolian Language and Culture at INALCO (National Institute for Oriental Languages and Civilizations), Paris. After graduating in both Mongolian and Russian Studies, Charlotte Marchina obtained her PhD in anthropology. Her doctoral research focused on human-animal coexistence, communication and collaboration in nomadic pastoralism among the Mongols of Mongolia and Southern Siberia.

Read more about Dr Charlotte Marchina here.

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jianxiong ma

Jianxiong Ma

FELLOW
The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology
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Prof. Ma Jianxiong is a specialist in the history and anthropology of Southwest China, especially the borderlands between China and Myanmar. As part of the research group he will work on the mule caravans that acted as the transportation links that integrated the mountainous zones of subtropical Southwest China, tropical Southeast Asia and highland Eastern Tibet. This transportation system provided a multi-layer social and physical networks of political, social and economic exchanges and mobility. A fundamental part of this network were the human-animal relationships.

 

Read more about Prof. Ma Jianxiong here.

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fellow

Noa Grass

FELLOW
Independent Scholar
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Noa Grass is working on the horse administration of Ming China. She has recently completed an article on frontier horse ranches in the early decades of the dynasty. During the time at the institute of advanced studies, she plans to work on temples to the horse god that were constructed near ranches both on the border and inland. Built and maintained by local official or military units, these temples were visited regularly by chief military officers that visited periodically to preside over rituals, and provided lodgings for officials that came to inspect the horses. They therefore served as a meeting point between local social and national administrative elements of the horse administration.

Read more about Noa Grass here.

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david bello

David Bello

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Washington and Lee University
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Prof. Bello's research focuses on the Qing Empire as a Human-Animal Construct. The Qing dynasty (1644-1912) governed a variety of ecologies and cultures across East Asia, Inner Asia and Southeast Asia. This required Qing environmental orchestration of human relations with livestock and game in Inner Asia, with insect herbivore predators and agricultural domesticates in East Asia and with insect disease vectors in Southeast Asia, to name only the major categories.

Read more about Prof. Bello here.

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fellow

Hien Minh Ngo

FELLOW
University of Da Nang
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Prof. Ngo Minh Hien focuses on the manifestations of nature and nature symbolism in modern (mostly 20th century) Vietnamese literature. While working with the research group, she will explore human-animal relations in late colonial, Socialist and post-revolutionary Vietnamese literature and follow the changes and developments in these relations in different political and social contexts. Specifically, Hien will engage with domestic animals: water buffaloes, pigs, chicken, ducks, dogs and cats. These animals were, and still are, essential components of Vietnamese rural system, food culture, myth and religion.

 

 

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meir shahar

Meir Shahar

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Tel Aviv University
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Prof. Shahar Meir is a historian of Chinese religion. He intends to focus upon the representations, roles, and attitudes towards animals in the Chinese religious tradition. Meir intends to pay special attention to the tutelary deities of draft animals, such as the Horse King (which protects horses, donkeys, and mules), the Ox King (which protects oxen and water buffaloes), and the Silkworm Goddess (which protects silkworms). These deities are widely worshiped by people whose livelihood depends upon their beastly protégés. Furthermore, human and animal tutelary deities are often worshiped side by side, indicating an existential affinity between draft animals and their human masters. Human and non-human animals are equally vulnerable and similarly in need of divine protection.

Read more about Prof. Shahar here.

 

 

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fellow

Nir Avieli

FELLOW
Ben-Gurion University
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Prof. Nir Avieli is a cultural anthropologist. Avieli has been conducting ethnographic research in Vietnam since the late 1990’s, focusing on food and foodways. Within the research group he will expand the scope of his research on animals in contemporary Vietnamese society in several directions. He will further explore the social categorization of the edible and inedible in Vietnam and the social and cultural contexts that allow and even enhance transgression of prohibitions and taboos relating to animal meat, emphasizing the role played by age and gender in such processes and contexts. He will study the changing cultural meanings and social positions of water buffaloes, a central pillar of traditional Vietnamese farming and farming society, vis-a-vis agricultural modernization. He will explore the changing trends regarding animals in the domestic sphere in contemporary Vietnam and the shift from “decorative animals” (such golden fish and songbirds) to pets, mainly dogs and cats. He will also investigate continuity and change in rituals that involve dragons and unicorns, mythical animals that materialize in various ways in contemporary ritual.

 

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Gideon Shelach-Lavi

Gideon Shelach-Lavi

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Hebrew University of Jerusalem
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Prof. Shelach-Lavi is an archaeologist who specialized in the Neolithic and Bronze Age of North China. His project will focus on the process of animal domestication in north China and how this fundamental process shaped the nature of human-animal relations. On one level, this research addresses the interdependency that was forged between humans and animals in this region. On another level, through the examination of the depiction of animals in prehistoric art, the treatment of animals in ritualistic contexts, and in written sources (such as the Oracle Bones documents) it will also address the formation of animal categorization by human and the powers and supernatural traits attributed to animals by different societies in North China during the Neolithic and Bronze Age (c. 6000-500 BCE). The work of Prof. Shelach-Lavi will contribute to our group by broadening our chronological scope to include the prehistoric and protohistoric periods, and by addressing the formative period in the development of animal-human relations in the Sinitic world.

 

Read more about Prof. Shelach-Lavi here.

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The Concept of Urban Change

[RG #116] The Concept of Urban Change

September 1, 2008 - August 31, 2009

Organizers:

Ronnie Ellenblum (The Hebrew University of Jerusalem)
Gideon Avni (The Hebrew University of Jerusalem)

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The past fifty years have witnessed significant development in the study of the structure of urban centers. Dozens of cities in a variety of geographic regions and cultural environments have been studied, and their shape and society reconstructed.

Concurrently, the disciplines of urban archaeology, urban geography and urban history were defined and developed, enabling an integrated study of historical sources, archaeological remains and the analysis of geographic, architectural and regional data.

However, the theoretical interpretation of ancient and historic cities is still conditioned by the chronological and sociological paradigms established as far back as the 19th and early 20th centuries. Thus, for instance, the classification of cities into Eastern, i.e. "Oriental/Muslim/Middle or Far-Eastern" cities as opposed to "Occidental", i.e. European and North American ones is based, to a large extent, on the 19th century's neo-classical interpretation of historical economy. The accepted periodization of urban history into "Biblical", "Greek", "Roman", "Medieval" or "Early Modern" periods also reflects the ideologies, theologies and identities that created them. In many cases they are culturally or ethnically conditioned and cannot be justified outside of the specific culture that created them. Urban history is sufficiently complex and continuous to sustain different cultural definitions and different types of biased periodizations. As a result, the characterization of specifically defined types of cities such as "Muslim", "Medieval" or "greek" cities became almost self-evident, and the terms themselves, let alone the periodization that created them, was rarely contested.

In light of these conceptual paradigms, our research group will examine the processes of cultural, political, social and religious changes in both past and contemporary urban contexts. Adopting a multidisciplinary apprach and a wide chronological range, the members of the group will address an array of changes in urban structures, such as the formation of new centers of political might, structural changes of the public spaces, the creation of architectural icons, and the expansion and collapse of urban tissues, all in relation to major political, cultural and religious changes.

 

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Contesting Liberal Citizenship: New Debates and Alternative Forms of Democracy and State Power in Latin America

[RG #117] Contesting Liberal Citizenship: New Debates and Alternative Forms of Democracy and State Power in Latin America

March 1 - August 31, 2009

Organizers:

Mario Sznaider (The Hebrew University of Jerusalem)
Luis Roniger (Wake Forest University)

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The goal of our research group is to examine the changing context of procedural, representative and liberal democracy in Latin America, analyze the contesting modes of democracy that have crystallized in the region, and evaluate their implications for a redefinition of citizenship models and alliances.

Latin America has long been a laboratory for comparative research. With its 20 independent polities, it provides a shared ground for systematic analysis into the resilience or breakdown of formal democracy against the background of contesting models of citizenship.

While in the days of the Cold War these models were relatively clear-cut and impacted on the region, generating the contrasting projects of reform and revolution, in the last two decades Latin America has witnessed both a renewal of democracy and the diversification of democratic experiments. The international presence of Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez, the election of an indigenous president in Bolivia and female presidents in Chile and Argentina, and recent policy decisions in Cuba, reflect the profound changes these countries have undergone, raising questions that are of far more than just regional interest.

Our research group brings together experts on various dimensions of citizenship in Latin America with a record in comparative research to reflect on the challenges affeting liberal democracies, as derived from the shift from corporatist to neo-liberal citizenship regimes; the increasing recognition of group rights and multiculturalism, evident with the potent rise of new indigenous movements; the emergence of participatory forms of anti-politics in situations of policy ineffectiveness and institutional collapse; the increasing use of plebiscitary democracy as a means of attaining political legitimacy; and the persistent challenge of mass citizen mobilization to existing forms of limited democracy.

 

 

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open call

Open Call for Research Groups 2024-2025

Deadline: December 1, 2022 (midnight)

The IIAS invites scholars from Israel and abroad to submit Research Group (RG) proposals for the 2024-2025 academic year. Research proposals may be submitted by initiator(s) affiliated with any academic institution in Israel or abroad. Proposals may cover any research topic from all disciplines including interdisciplinary research, and must seek to be innovative with potential impact on their research field.

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RG size is flexible, ranging from 5-8 core fellows, and each RG can include one postdoctoral fellow. Scholars spend their residency at the IIAS, located at the Edmond J. Safra Campus in Givat Ram, Jerusalem. The IIAS provides its fellows and visiting scholars with a nurturing and stimulating academic environment, as well as administrative support. Fellows from abroad receive a generous fellowship and family accommodation.

 What is a Research Group?

Each RG brings together a diverse group of scholars to engage in research questions of common interest. The group fellows benefit from integrative thinking and rich dialogue, while expanding individual fellows’ research. Our expectation is that the RG’s period of residence will result in creative and original research that will be shared with the international research community.

Former fellows may apply once 10 years have elapsed from the end of their previous term to the beginning of the academic year of their Fellowship.

 

Period of Residence

The IIAS academic year runs from September 1 to June 30. Proposals should include a request for a five- or ten-month residency period. Exceptions may be granted to Research Groups to be in residence for a three-month period (e.g. for experimental sciences). These are the possible options:

  • The ten-month residencies begin September 1

  • The five-month residencies begin September 1 or February 7

  • The three-month residencies begin September 1, February 7, or May 1

Application Deadline and Notification

The online system will open for submission on September 1, 2022.
The deadline for application submission is December 1, 2022 (midnight).

Initiators are welcome to consult with the IIAS Director prior to submitting the proposal. To schedule a meeting please fill in the form HERE.

The IIAS Academic Committee announces its decisions regarding the selected proposals within seven months of the submission deadline. Rejected proposals may be resubmitted.

Application Information >

Back to Research Groups >

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Open Call for Individual Fellowships 2022-2023

Open Call for Individual Fellowships 2024-2025

Deadline: December 1, 2022 (midnight)

The IIAS invites scholars from Israel and abroad to submit proposals for an individual fellowship at the IIAS for the 2024-2025 academic year. Topics may cover any research area from any discipline and must seek to be innovative, with the potential to impact research in the field. Two or three scholars who collaborate on the same project should apply individually and state clearly that they wish to work together.

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Fellows spend their residency at the IIAS, located at the Edmond J. Safra Givat Ram campus of The Hebrew University of Jerusalem. The IIAS provides fellows with a nurturing and stimulating academic environment, as well as administrative support. Fellows from abroad receive a generous fellowship and subsidized accommodation.

Our expectation is that the fellow’s residency will result in creative and original research that can be shared with the international research community.

Eligibility to Apply

Scholars may be from Israel or abroad and must have a tenured position with an academic research institution. 
Former fellows may apply for an individual fellowship once 10 years have elapsed from the end of their previous term by the beginning of the academic year of their fellowship. This fellowship is not open to postdoctoral researchers.

Period of Residence

The IIAS academic year runs from September 1 to June 30. Residencies are open for either 10 months or 5 months and the proposal should contain the requested period of residency according to the following options:

10-month residencies beginning September 1

5-month residencies beginning September 1 or February 7

Application and Notification Timeline

Applications are to be submitted online between September 1 - December 1 (midnight).

In the online form, the applicant is required to submit the following details:

  1. Personal information
  2. A list of 4 international experts in the candidate’s field and their contact information

In addition to the above, the applicant should provide the following documents:

  1. Letter of Intent (up to 1000 words): description of the project and justification
  2. Professional CV and a full list of publications

Incomplete applications will not be considered.

The deadline to submit applications is December 1, 2022 (midnight).

The IIAS will notifiy applicants of the IIAS Academic Committee’s decisions regarding the selected fellows by June 30, 2023.

 

Application Information >

 

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Ancient Arabia (from 1st Millennium BCE to the Emergence of Islam) and its Relations with the Surrounding Cultures

[RG # 118] Ancient Arabia (from the 1st Millennium BCE to the Emergence of Islam) and its Relations with the Surrounding Cultures

September 1, 2009 - July 31, 2010

Organizers:

Joseph Patrich (The Hebrew University of Jerusalem)
Michael Lecker (The Hebrew University of Jerusalem)

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Arabia (the Arabian Peninsula) may no longer be terra incognita, but many aspects of its history remain unknown. The study of the history and culture of this territory is still in its infancy. One of the difficulties in properly evaluating the historical evidence about the ancient Near East is that modern Europeans or westerners approaching it inevitably do it with a host of confused and half-formed preconceptions about the "Orient", as Fergus Millar has noted in his book The Roman Near East 31 BC - AD 337.

In the last three decades an ever growing amount of new archaeological data, including a wealth of new inscriptions in many languages and scripts (Akkadian, Aramaic, Nabataean and South Arabian) has been gathered from sites in Saudi Arabia, the Yemen, the Persian Gulf, Sinai, the Negev, Jordan and Syria, as well as from sites of the cultures bordering with Arabia. Moreover, many texts in classical Arabic are now more accessible than ever before through various electronic media.

The group will evaluate the state of our knowledge about Arabia and the prospects for future research.

 

 

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Personal Versus Established Religion: Revision and Stagnation in Eastern Christian Thought and Praxis [5th-8th Centuries]

[RG #119] Personal and Institutional Religion: Christian Thought and Practice from the Fifth to the Eighth Century

September 1, 2009 - August 31, 2010

Organizers:

Brouria Bitton-Ashkelony (The Hebrew University of Jerusalem)
Lorenzo Perrone (University of Bologna)