The Interaction of Nomadic Conquerors with Sedentary Peoples: Turco-Mongolian Nomads in China and the Middle East

[RG #80] The Interaction of Nomadic Conquerors with Sedentary Peoples: Turco-Mongolian Nomads in China and the Middle East

February - August 2000

Organizers:

Reuven Amitai (The Hebrew University of Jerusalem)
Michal Biran (The Hebrew University of Jerusalem)

The encounter between "barbarian" conquerors with sedentary peoples possessing sophisticated cultural and political traditions is one of profound historical importance. The interaction has resulted in great cultural, religious, political, linguistic and demographic changes, in which inter alia whole previously distinct groups can disappear, not so much through physical destruction, but rather through assimilation and absorption. One such meeting of enormous dimensions was that of the Roman world with the various Germanic invaders. Another would be that of the Byzantine and Persian territories overrun by the Arab Muslim armies of the 7th century. While there is still much debate among historians about the exact nature of these encounters, there is no doubt that the resulting influence was not in one direction, but both sides were greatly affected by this experience. It is also clear that these meetings left an indelible impact on the further development of these two regions.

A different set of encounters is that of the nomadic peoples of the Eurasian steppe with their sedentary neighbours in the later Middle Ages, i.e. the Turkish and Mongol invasions of the Middle East in the 11th-14th centuries and the Khitan, Jurchen and Mongol invasions of China in the late 10th to mid-14th centuries. In the aftermath of all these instances, nomadic elites established long-term control over large swathes of the territory of sedentary society. Our research group seeks to examine the effects of this encounter in a comparative way, diachronically in the same territory and synchronically between the Islamic Middle East and China.

 

Members

men

Reuven Amitai

FELLOW
The Hebrew University of Jerusalem
Reuven is a professor in the Department of Islamic and Middle Eastern Studies at The Hebrew University of Jerusalem.
men

Moshe Gammer

FELLOW
Tel Aviv University
Moshe is a professor in the Department of Middle Eastern and African History at Tel Aviv University.
men

Peter Jackson

FELLOW
Keele University
Peter is a professor in the School of History and Classics at Keele University.
men

Anatoly Khazanov

FELLOW
University of Wisconsin-Madison
Anatoly is a professor in the Department of Anthropology at the University of Wisconsin-Madison.
men

David Morgan

FELLOW
University of Wisconsin-Madison
David is a professor in the Department of History at the University of Wisconsin-Madison.
av

Naomi Standen

FELLOW
University of Newcastle
Naomi is a professor in the Department of History at the University of Newcastle.

Events